When it comes to diabetes, animals are no different from humans.
In other words, this illness is caused by the same things and results in the same health problems.
In fact, dogs can develop both Type I and Type II diabetes, which must be treated in unique ways.
For Type I, the body does not produce an adequate level of insulin and for Type II, the body responds incorrectly to the insulin that is produced.
Known as Diabetes Mellitus, it is important for a pet owner to understand the symptoms, especially in breeds at greatest risk.
Overview of Diabetes In Pets
Diabetes in dogs and cats is actually a metabolic disorder involving fat, carbohydrates, and protein. Whether there is a partial or full deficiency of insulin, the body responds unfavorably. In a pet without this condition, the body would digest and use food for proper energy and growth but when diabetes is present, the insufficient level of insulin causes an array of problems.
As far as insulin, this is a hormone produced by the pancreas. The insulin is then released into the body’s cells as needed to digest and convert proteins into glucose, something that occurs within the bloodstream.
Interestingly, pet diabetes is relatively common in animals, especially dogs. Although frightening, with proper care and treatment, most animals do amazingly well.
Symptoms of Diabetes
As mentioned, every aspect of diabetes in dogs and cats mirrors that of a human. This means even the symptoms would be virtually the same to include the following:
- Increased appetite
- Excessive thirst
- Fatigue and/or lethargy
- Increased urine output
- Compromised vision
- Reduced strength
- Loss of Weight (even when eating normally)